Pajamas or pyjamas, typically shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can confer with quite a few associated varieties of garments originating with the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the first garment and worn mainly for sleeping,[one] but in some cases also for lounging, also by each sexes. A lot more typically, pajamas may possibly seek advice from various clothes, for both of those daywear and nightwear, derived from common pajamas and involving variations of style and product.
The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 with the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five] The original pyjāmā are loose, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans throughout East India Organization rule in India.
The globally use of pajamas (the term and the garment) is the results of adoption by British colonists in India during the 18th and nineteenth generations, plus the British affect on the wider Western globe during the Victorian period. Pajamas were released to England as "lounging attire" as early because the seventeenth century, then known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nonetheless they shortly fell away from trend. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the very first half of your nineteenth century. They didn't become a fashion in Britain and the Western earth as sleeping apparel for men until the Victorian interval, from about 1870.[nine]
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Phrases and Phrases (1886) summarizes the point out of use at time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
Such a garment is employed by several people in India e.g. by Females of various lessons, by Sikh Gentlemen, and most by Mohammedans of both of those sexes. It had been adopted from your Mohammedans by Europeans as an short article of dishabille and of evening attire, which is synonymous with Lengthy Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It is possible that we English took the behavior similar to a very good several others with the Portuguese. Hence Pyrard (c. 1610) says, in Talking of Goa Hospital: "Ils ont drive calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The word has become Utilized in London shops. A buddy furnishes the following reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Avenue, some on 40 decades in the past, in reply to a matter why pyjammas had toes sewn on to them (as was often the case with People furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I believe, Sir, it truly is because of the White Ants."[ten]
Regular pajamas consist of a jacket-and-trousers combination crafted from gentle material, such as flannel or light-weight cotton.[eleven] The jacket aspect generally contains a placket entrance and pidžame its sleeves don't have any cuffs.[twelve] Many people prefer to sleep or lounge in just the pajama trousers, either by using a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. For this reason, pajama trousers for guys and boys tend to be marketed as separates.
In colloquial speech, these traditional pajamas are sometimes termed PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally generally known as night fits.
Some pajamas aspect a drop seat (often called a trap door or butt flap): a buttoned opening from the seat, designed to allow the wearer to conveniently make use of a rest room. Drop seats have been quite common on pajamas made prior to the nineteen fifties, but during the early twenty-very first century They are really instead unusual.
Contemporary pajamas are derived from standard pajamas. There are several variants in fashion for example small sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms of varying size, or, now and again, one-piece pajamas, and pajamas incorporating different elements. Mainly during the US, stretch-knit sleep apparel with rib-knit trimmings are frequent. Normally worn by small children, these clothes often have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if 1-piece), and can also be footed.
Despite the fact that pajamas usually are distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes which include nightgowns, in the US, they've at times incorporated the latter being a top rated. Babydoll pyjamas Use a style of shorter costume major around shorts or short trousers.[eighteen]
Pajamas may perhaps now refer to women's combination daywear, especially in the US where they turned preferred in the early twentieth century, consisting of short-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight trousers. Samples of these include things like capri pajamas, Seashore pajamas, and hostess pajamas.